Aporte del sector privado a la producción agropecuaria sostenible y el freno a la deforestación

This paper aims to illustrate programs, mechanisms and instruments implemented by different actors from private sector involved in supply chains of cocoa, rubber, coffee and cattle-ranching, to promote the development of sustainable agricultural production systems at national level, with emphasis on the departments of Caquetá and Guaviare (north part of the Colombian Amazon region), and how public sector supports or reinforces these actions.

Abstract

This paper aims to illustrate programs, mechanisms and instruments implemented by different actors from private sector involved in supply chains of cocoa, rubber, coffee and cattle-ranching, to promote the development of sustainable agricultural production systems at national level, with emphasis on the departments of Caquetá and Guaviare (north part of the Colombian Amazon region), and how public sector supports or reinforces these actions. The main conclusions of this document are:

  • International experiences about private incentives to curb deforestation in supply chains recognize access to markets as the main incentive, along with technical and financial assistance.
  • There are few examples of private mechanisms and incentives for sustainable supply chains in Colombia. Incentives mostly address issues related to productivity and quality. Very little efforts are developed on environmental issues. Caquetá and Guaviare represent a bigger challenge to those efforts.
  • Financial institutions and insurance companies have services available to the region; however no widely used by producers. Some “green” credit lines exist, but focused on transportation, renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. All of those instruments might contribute to sustainable production processes if are adapted to fulfill non-deforestation and conservation goals. Further cost-benefit and market analysis of the agricultural insurance is needed.
  • Some local private programs and Banks have experiences that can be adapted to the Amazon region conditions, in order to promote engagement in promoting sustainable production practices and zero-deforestation goals.
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