Mecanismos de financiación público-­‐ privados para apoyar deforestación cero desde las cadenas suministro en la Amazonia colombiana

This document summarizes the current and possible financial mechanisms to support supply chains of cocoa, rubber, coffee and cattle-ranching.

Abstract

This document summarizes the current and possible financial mechanisms to support supply chains of cocoa, rubber, coffee and cattle-ranching. This study identifies market opportunities, describes current financial mechanisms and other incentives to productivity, analyzes major constraints of these mechanisms to support zero-deforestation at production level, proposes new mechanisms and adaptations to existing mechanisms, and estimates the costs of new mechanisms addressed to targeted producers.

The proposed financial mechanisms are based on the experience of some public and private instruments implemented for several years in Colombia. Those are:

  • Agrobosque: takes the experience of the Forestry Incentive Certificate (CIF), includes agroforestry, restoration and conservation activities, and integrates programmed savings.
  • Ecoagro: based on the Rural Capitalization Incentive (ICR) to increase coverage to investments on agroforestry and recovery of degraded lands.
  • Fondo Agrosostenible: a fund to be financed by donors, private sector and government, in order to facilitate credit access to associations, supply chains and agro-sustainable alliances, making guarantees more flexible.
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