Update: Indonesian GCF Regional Meeting Produces Workplan
On 29 July 2015, six provincial governments in Indonesia agreed on a strategy to reduce deforestation by up to 80% by 2020. The meeting of the Indonesian provinces of the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF), held in Jakarta an hosted by EII sister organization Inobu, was attended by the governors of the provinces West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan and West Papua, and representatives of the governments of Aceh, Papua and Central Kalimantan. Also attending the meeting were representatives of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and international donors. The meeting was hosted by the Government of West Kalimantan and facilitated by the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force, Earth Innovation Institute and Yayasan Penelitian Inovasi Bumi (INOBU).
The action plans agreed on were to implement the commitments that the six provincial governments made in the Declaration of Rio Branco, signed in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil in 2014. As part of the Rio Branco Declaration, the six Indonesian provincial governments committed to:
• Continue reducing deforestation by up to 80 percent by 2020 if adequate, sufficient, and long-term performance-based funding is available, whether through market or non-market sources;
• Develop partnerships with private sector initiatives that leverage the opportunities available through jurisdictional programs; and
• Ensure that the vast majority of performance-based funding given to the jurisdictions will be allocated to forest-dependent communities, smallholders, and indigenous peoples.
For the six Indonesian provinces, this means that if the six governors of the GCF agree to reduce emissions by up to 80 percent of the average deforestation rate of the period from 2001-2009, the rate of deforestation should be reduced from 323,749 hectares per year to around 64,749 hectares per year in 2020.
To achieve these targets, the six provincial governments agreed at the meeting on 29 July 2015 to implement a detailed work plan. The work plans focuses on three areas:
1. Strengthening Forest Management Units (FMU), and controlling spatial planning, and the processes for issuing licenses and permits;
2. Building partnerships with the private sector to ensure that commodity supply chains are environmentally friendly; and
3. Ensuring that low emission rural development benefits indigenous people and small-scale farmers in forest areas.
The representatives of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry present at the meeting agreed to incorporate these plans into work plans at the national level, and support their implementation.
The initiatives of the six provincial governments cannot be implemented alone, however, and require technical and financial support. In the absence of financing from global and national initiatives such as payments for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+), provincial governments must search for support from international donors and the private sector. The GCF, and its Indonesian coordinator, INOBU along with Earth Innovation Institute, will work with the six provincial governments to help them achieve their commitments.