Never before has so much funding or attention been devoted to tropical forests. Driving the urgency behind the increased focus on tropical forests is the growing alarm and anxiety around climate change. But progress has been slow. The two years with the highest tree cover loss since 2000 are 2016 and 2017. In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), this trend is even more troublesome. Any course correction in strategies to slow the loss and speed the recovery of tropical forests should build on what is working and strive to fix what is not. This chapter, published as part of a monograph by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), distills some of the lessons from the application of three major approaches and regional experiments to slow deforestation in LAC. We present case studies of some leading efforts to address the forest challenge, undertaken by Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Peru.