The State of Jurisdictional Sustainability

Jurisdictional approaches to sustainable development hold tremendous potential for advancing holistic, durable solutions to the intertwined issues of tropical deforestation, rural livelihoods, and food security. With many jurisdictional “experiments” underway around the world, the time is ripe for a systematic assessment.

Earth Innovation Institute (EII), the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), and the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF-TF) collaborated on a comprehensive study of these experiments across the Tropics to draw on early lessons. More specifically, the study evaluates progress towards low-emission, sustainable development, including goals and commitments, monitoring and reporting systems, multi-stakeholder governance platforms, and innovative policies and initiatives that are core elements of jurisdictional sustainability. The assessment also includes an in-depth analysis of deforestation and emissions (including drivers and agents of deforestation and forest degradation) and examines the potential implications of low-emission rural development (LED-R) strategies for future emission reductions. It also explores barriers to and opportunities for fostering jurisdictional sustainability.

The report includes analytical briefs about each jurisdiction, as well as an overall synthesis of jurisdictional sustainability across the Tropics. The report was published in September 2018, on the occasion of the Global Climate Action Summit and the Governors’ Climate & Forests Task Force Meeting in San Francisco, California.

Jurisdictional profiles

This study focuses on 39 primarily first-level subnational political and administrative divisions (e.g., province, state, etc.) in 12 tropical countries. In 2017-18 we compiled secondary data and conducted interviews with key stakeholders in all jurisdictions on the themes described above. In several jurisdictions, we also implemented the Sustainable Landscapes Rating Tool (SLRT) of the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance to assist in our assessment of jurisdictions’ progress towards LED-R.

Click on the region of interest to see the regional profile and a brief documentation of the methods applied
General methods and data

BRAZIL| Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima, Tocantins

COLOMBIA| Caquetá, Putumayo

CÔTE D’IVOIRE| Bélier, Cavally

DR CONGO| Maï Ndombe

ECUADOR| Pastaza


INDONESIA| Aceh, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, Papua, West Kalimantan, West Papua


MEXICO| Campeche, Chiapas, Jalisco, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Yucatán


NIGERIA| Cross River

PERU| Amazonas, Huánuco, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Piura, San Martín, Ucayali


A global snapshot : deforestation, emissions & GDP in 39 sub-national jurisdictions


This infographic offers a synthetic view of the spatiotemporal variation of key indicators on forest protection and economic output in 39 tropical jurisdictions. Overall, indicators are presented for the period 2001-2017 and source data is derived from Official National Forest Monitoring Agencies (see methods section for more details). Key documented trends in the jurisdictions are:

  • Annual deforestation rates (percentage and km2) after 2001.
  • Percent of forest cover
  • Potential emissions reductions with 90% Reduction in Deforestation & Zero Net Deforestation by 2030
  • Average annual emissions from deforestation (Mtons CO2)
  • Regional and state maps with the latest state of forest cover and deforestation
  • Change in average annual GDP (5 yr trend)
  • Change in average annual deforestation (5 yr trend)
  • Change in deforestation relative to FREL

Download the infographic

Jurisdictional map

GCF Impact platform

The State of Jurisdictional Sustainability study recommends on the immediate need of rewarding committed jurisdictions and finding direct investment links to finance transformations and enterprise ventures in the regions. The platform is a web-based application that seeks to facilitate this link by clearly promoting the progress of committed jurisdictions and sustainable investment opportunities with investors and private companies.

The Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF) is the collective effort of 38 subnational governments toward achieving jurisdictional sustainability

The GCF Impact platform is a web application that allows companies, donors and investors to explore and discover investment opportunities in sustainable tropical jurisdictions.

Visit the GCF platform and make an impact!

Technical team
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